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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl5423\margr1172\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5423\margrsxn1172\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat1\ql\li0\fi3218\ri0\sb0\sa2124 \f1\fs20\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5463\margrsxn2598\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw720\colsr738\colno2\colw2722 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb29\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 18}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 AGRICULTURE AND FOOD}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5423\margrsxn1172\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li11\fi0\ri0\sb288\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Period, may have been a shrine, although no images \expndtw-1 have been found there. The most striking of all remains \expndtw9 is, no doubt, a vast hydropathic establishment\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 a \expndtw-2 brick Bath, 39 ft. X 23 ft. X 8 ft., with water-tight walls \expndtw0 and flights of steps at the ends and other subsidiary \expndtw9 verandahs, galleries and rooms. It was filled with \expndtw5 water from a well nearby. Its drain with a corbelled \expndtw-2 roof, more than six feet in height, deserves particular \expndtw2 mention. Another accessory to the great Bath is pro\-\expndtw1 bably a \i hammdm \i0 or hot-air bath, pointing to the exis\-\expndtw2 tence of "a hypocaustic system of heating."}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li22\fi0\ri0\sb227\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Agriculture}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4\fi468\ri32\sb151\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Little do we know about the agriculture of the \expndtw0 Indus peoples, although the existence of such big cities \expndtw4 as Mohenjo-daro and Harappa clearly indicates that \expndtw-1 food must have been available in an ample measure. \expndtw6 Perhaps the grams they cultivated were wheat and \expndtw-3 barley, specimens of which have been found there. It is \expndtw1 uncertain whether the plough had replaced the hoe, or \expndtw-2 the latter was still in use. Scholars believe that in olden \expndtw0 times Sind received copious rainfall,\super 1\nosupersub  and this, as also \expndtw-3 the presence of a great river,\super 2\nosupersub  must have made the prob\-\expndtw4 lem of irrigation easy of solution.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4\fi0\ri0\sb140\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex83\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Food}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi457\ri32\sb108\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Besides the above cereals and dates (stones of \expndtw4 which have' been discovered), it appears from half-\expndtw-2 burnt shells and bones and offerings to the dead that the \expndtw-1 Indus people used as food pork, beef, mutton, poultry, \expndtw7 fish, and the flesh of other water animals. Perhaps \expndtw1 milk and vegetables were also included in the dietary.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi378\ri0\sb241\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx490 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw-2 The elaborate system of drainage and the use of burnt   bricks\line \expndtw-1 for the exposed parts of buildings point to the same conclusion.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi378\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx490 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw3 Indus.   Besides, there was the Mihran,   which dried up in\line \expndtw4 the i4th century A.D.}\par }